Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Can Substance Dependency Be Treated?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
An addict in treatment must work toward the following:
Stopping to require using the drug
be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Principles Behind Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
Though addiction is very complicated, it could heal completely, and it affects the workings of the human brain and human behaviour.
There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
Individuals must be able to access treatment quickly.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
Going through with the programme is essential.
Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
In order to accommodate the needs of the patient, treatment methods must be appraised with changes in the patient's needs.
Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
Relapse prevention through long-term check-ups
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Managing withdrawal symptoms, preventing relapse, and treating coexisting conditions are accomplished through medication use.
Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Relapse Prevention Medications can help manage cravings and help patients re-establish normal brain activity. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Medications that could be used in treating cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) addiction are being developed by scientists at present. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with:
Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
Upturn healthy life abilities
continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
There are a lot of settings and approaches for patients who are seeking treatment.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
Treatments available in some of these treatment sessions address psychological issues like:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
There are also recovery housing services aimed at giving a patient a place to stay in the short term as they recuperate from treatment in other establishments. Recuperation housing can help individuals make the move to a free life, for instance, helping them figure out how to manage funds or look for business and also interfacing them to bolster services in the group.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. It is key for patients in treatment, particularly those treated at prison or inpatient facilities, to learn how to identify, steer clear of, and deal with triggers that they are most likely to experience after treatment.